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Thomas Truxtun

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Thomas Truxtun
Thomas Truxtun.jpgBorn(1755-02-17)February 17, 1755
Hempstead, New YorkDiedMay 5, 1822(1822-05-05) (aged 67)
Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaBuried
Christ Church Burial Ground
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Allegiance United States of AmericaService/branch United States NavyYears of service1794–1801RankCommodore (USN)Commands heldUSS Constellation
USS PresidentBattles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War (as a privateer supporting the U.S.)
Quasi-War

Thomas Truxtun images







Thomas Truxtun Known For

Thomas Truxtun (or Truxton) (February 17, 1755 – May 5, 1822) was an American naval officer after the Revolutionary War, when he served as a privateer, who rose to the rank of commodore in the late eighteenth century and later served in the Quasi-War with France. He was one of the first six commanders appointed to the new US Navy by President Washington. During his naval career he commanded a number of famous U.S. naval ships, including USS Constellation and USS President. Later in civilian life he became involved with politics and was also elected as a sheriff.

Thomas Truxtun Early life and education

Truxtun was born near Hempstead, New York, on Long Island, the only son of an English country lawyer. He lost his father at a young age and was taken to Jamaica on Long Island with relatives and placed under the care of a close friend, John Troup. Having little chance for a formal education, he joined the crew of the British merchant ship Pitt at the age of 12, against his father’s previous wishes for him to pursue a career in politics.

Thomas Truxtun Naval service

Because of his skills, by the time he was twenty, Truxtun had garnered command of his own vessel, Andrew Caldwell. Before the Revolution he was impressed into the Royal Navy and was offered a midshipman’s warrant, which he turned down.

He operated as a U.S. privateer during the American Revolutionary War, commanding several ships: Congress, Independence, Mars, and St. James. Truxtun was highly successful in capturing enemy ships during this period, not once suffering a defeat.[clarification needed]

After the war he returned to the merchant marine, where he remained for 12 years. In 1786 he commanded Canton, operating from Philadelphia, one of the first American ships to engage in trade with China.

Thomas Truxtun when?

] overseen her construction in Baltimore, Maryland, with Silas Talbot. After a rank dispute with captains Dale and Talbot, Truxtun was placed in charge of the ship by President Washington. He commanded her with considerable success.

Thomas Truxtun ‘

Insurgente into an engagement that lasted an hour and fourteen minutes. Barreau did not strike his colors until his ship was almost a complete wreck. French losses were 29 killed and 44 wounded, while Truxtun’s crew only suffered one killed and two wounded. It was the first battle engagement since the Revolutionary War that an American ship had encountered an enemy ship.

Thomas Truxtun clarification needed

]

Thomas Truxtun by whom?

] America’s fastest sailing ship. She was the last of the original six frigates launched. After the vessel was fitted out for sea duty, she set sail for Guadeloupe on 5 August with Captain Truxtun in command, relieving Stephen Decatur. She conducted routine patrols during the latter part of the Quasi-War and recaptured several American merchant ships; however, her overall service in this period was uneventful. She returned to the United States in March after a peace treaty with France was ratified on 3 February 1801.

Truxtun’s victories made Truxtun a hero of the time; when he arrived home he was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal on 29 March 1800, becoming the eighth recipient of that body’s “highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions.”

During this period, Truxtun was involved in a dispute over rank with Richard Dale.[clarification needed] Truxtun took command of President for a few months in 1800, then retired from the Navy and located first in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, and later in Philadelphia. He was offered command during the First Barbary War in 1801 but refused, settling firmly into retirement.

Thomas Truxtun Writer

Truxtun had a thorough understanding of the art of celestial navigation and was one among few men of his day who possessed such intimate knowledge of this navigational art. He also designed the original Navy signal manual and wrote the predecessor to the Navy Regulations in use today.

Thomas Truxtun clarification needed

]

Truxtun died in Philadelphia on 5 May 1822 and is buried at Christ Church Burial Ground.

Thomas Truxtun Legacy and honors

  • Six U.S. Navy ships have been named in Truxtun’s honor.
  • The town of Truxton, New York, was named for him.
  • The village of Truxton, Missouri, was named after Thomas Truxtun.
  • Washington, D.C. once had a traffic circle, Truxton Circle, named after him. Even after its demolition, the nearby neighborhood has retained his name.
  • Truxtun, in Portsmouth, Virginia, one of the first federally funded planned communities in America, was named for him. It was built shortly after World War I for African-American workers at Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
  • Truxtun Arcade at the United States Merchant Marine Academy is named in honor of the American Merchant Mariner turned Naval Hero Thomas Truxtun.
  • List of sea captains
  • List of ships captured in the 19th century
  • Bibliography of early American naval history
  • Truxton Bowl

Thomas Truxtun

  • Canney, Donald L. (2001). Sailing warships of the US Navy. Chatham Publishing / Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-990-5.
  • Cooper, James Fenimore (1846). Lives of Distinguished American Naval Officers. 1. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart. OCLC 620356.
  • Frost, John (1845). The pictorial book of the commodores: comprising lives of distinguished commanders in the navy of the United States. New York: Nafis and Cornish. ISBN 1-55750-839-9.
  • Guttridge, Leonard F. (2006). Our Country, Right Or Wrong: The Life of Stephen Decatur. New York, NY: Tom Doherty Associates, LLC. ISBN 978-0-7653-0702-6.
  • Hattendorf, John B. (2011). “XII The Formation and Roles of the Continental Navy, 1775–1785”. Talking About Naval History: A Collection of Essays. Newport: Naval War College Press. ISBN 9781884733741.
  • Harrison, Henry William (1858). Battlefields and naval exploits of the United States: … H. C. Peck & Theo. Bliss, Philadelphia. p. 448.
  • Loubat, Joseph Florimond (1881). The medallic history of the United States of America, 1776–1876. 1. Author/Loubat, New York.
  • McBride, James (1815). Naval biography consisting of memoirs of the most distinguished officers of the American navy; to which is annexed the life of General Pike. Morgan, Williams & Co., Cincinnati.
  • Roosevelt, Theodore (1883). The naval war of 1812. New York: G.P. Putnam’s sons.
  • Seawell, Molly Elliot (1898). Twelve naval captains: being a record of certain Americans who made themselves immortal. London: Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trubner, & Co. Ltd.
  • Toll, Ian W. (2006). Six frigates: the epic history of the founding of the U.S. Navy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-05847-5.
  • Thomas Truxtun

  • Ferguson, Eugene S. (1956). Truxtun of the Constellation:The Life of Commodore Thomas Truxtun, U.S. Navy, 1755–1822. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801865972. – Dated, but still the best biography of Truxtun in print.
  • Fowler, William M. (1900). Silas Talbot: Captain of Old Ironsides. Mystic Seaport Museum. p. 231. ISBN 9780913372739.
  • Grant, Bruce (1930). Captain of the Constellation: Commodore Thomas Truxtun. New York: Putnam.
  • Statham, Edward Phillips (1910). Privateers and privateering. With eight illustrations. New York: Hutchinson & Co. / James Pott & Co. p. 382.
  • Truxtun, Thomas (1809). Biographical Memoirs of Thomas Truxtun, ESQ. from the Port Folio. Bradford & Inskeep.
  • Tuckerman, Henry (2009). The Life of Silas Talbot. Bedford, Mass.: Applewood Books. p. 148. ISBN 9781429021593.
  • Thomas Truxtun biography Net worth, Details Reference

    • Excerpt from Truxtun’s signal book
    • Eugene S. Ferguson, Truxtun of the Constellation (322pp, 1956)
    • Thomas Truxtun at Find a Grave




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