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Surya Sen

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Master Da

Surya Sen
সূর্য সেন (Surjo Sen)
Sen
Born
Surya Kumar Sen

(1894-03-22)22 March 1894

Raozan, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died12 January 1934(1934-01-12) (aged 40)

Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India
OrganizationIndian National Congress Anushilan Samiti
Known forChittagong armoury raid
MovementIndian Independence movement
Master Da

Surya Sen
সূর্য সেন (Surjo Sen)
Surya Sen before 1934.jpg

Sen
Born
Surya Kumar Sen

(1894-03-22)22 March 1894

Raozan, Chittagong District, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
Died12 January 1934(1934-01-12) (aged 40)

Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India
OrganizationIndian National Congress Anushilan SamitiKnown forChittagong armoury raidMovementIndian Independence movement

Surya Sen images







Surya Sen Known For

  • Indian Nationalism (Militant nationalism)
  • Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
  • Swami Vivekananda
  • Sister Nivedita
  • Aurobindo Ghosh
  • Shakta philosophy
  • Indian National Congress
  • Bipin Chandra Pal
  • 1905 Partition of Bengal
  • Bande Mataram
  • Jugantar
  • M. C. Samadhyayi
  • History
  • Dhaka Anushilan Samiti
  • Jugantar
  • Aurobindo
  • Raja Subodh Mallik
  • Pramathanath Mitra
  • Sarala Devi
  • C.R. Das
  • Surendranath Tagore
  • Kanailal Dutta
  • Jatindra Nath Banerjee
  • Barin Ghosh
  • Pulin Behari Das
  • Bhupendranath Datta
  • Bagha Jatin
  • Atulkrishna Ghosh
  • Jadugopal Mukherjee
  • Rash Behari Bose
  • Bhupendra Kumar Datta
  • Hemchandra Kanungo
  • Ullaskar Dutta
  • Khudiram Bose
  • Prafulla Chaki
  • Tarak Nath Das
  • Abhinash Bhattacharya
  • Guran Ditt Kumar
  • Naren Bhattacharya
  • Bhavabhushan Mitra
  • Bipin Behari Ganguli
  • Sachindra Nath Sanyal
  • Jogesh Chandra Chattopadhyay
  • Pratul Chandra Ganguli
  • Hindustan Republican Association
  • Narendra Mohan Sen
  • Niranjan Sen Gupta
  • M. N. Roy
  • Jatin Das
  • Surya Sen
  • Pritilata Waddedar
  • Revolutionary Socialist Party
  • More
  • Alipore Bomb Conspiracy
  • Howrah-Sibpur Conspiracy
  • Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy
  • Barisal Conspiracy
  • Rodda robbery
  • Indo-German Conspiracy
  • Annie Larsen
  • Christmas Day plot
  • Kakori conspiracy
  • Chittagong armoury raid
  • More
  • Sir Andrew Fraser
  • Department of Criminal Intelligence
  • Sir Harold Stuart
  • Sir Charles Stevenson-Moore
  • Sir Robert Nathan
  • John Wallinger
  • India House
  • Paris Indian Society
  • Abhinav Bharat Society
  • V.D. Savarkar
  • Madam Cama
  • Har Dayal
  • Ghadar Party
  • More
  • v
  • t
  • e

Surya Sen, also called Surjya Sen (Bengali: সূর্য সেন, Surjo Sen) (22 March 1894 – 12 January 1934) was a Bangladeshi revolutionary who was influential in the Indian independence movement against British rule in India and is best known for leading the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid.

Sen was a school teacher by profession and was popularly known as Master Da (“da” is a honorific suffix in Bengali language). He was influenced by the nationalist ideals in 1916 while he was a student of B.A. in Behrampore College. In 1918, he was selected as president of the Indian National Congress’s Chittagong branch.

Sen was known for recruiting a group of young and passionate revolutionaries known as the Chittagong group including Anant Singh, Ganesh Ghosh and Lokenath Baul, who fought against the British stationed in Chittagong.

He was an active participant in the Non-co-operation movement and was later arrested and imprisoned for 2 years from 1926 to 1928 for his revolutionary activities. A brilliant and inspirational organiser, Sen was fond of saying “Humanism is a special virtue of the revolutionary.”

After the Chittagong raid in 1930 and a fierce battle where over 80 British troops and 12 revolutionaries were killed, Sen and other surviving revolutionaries dispersed into small groups and hid in neighbouring villages, launching raids on government personnel and property. Sen was arrested on 16 April 1933, tried and was hanged on 12 January 1934. Many of his fellow revolutionaries were also caught and sentenced to long periods of imprisonment.

Surya Sen citation needed

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Surya Sen Chittagong armoury raid

Sen led a group of revolutionaries on 18 April 1930 to raid the armoury of police and auxiliary forces from the Chittagong armoury. The plan was elaborate and included seizing of arms from the armoury as well as destruction of communication system of the city (including telephone, telegraph and railway), thereby isolating Chittagong from the rest of British Raj. However, although the group gained the arms, they failed to get capture the ammunition. They hoisted the Indian National Flag on the premises of the armoury, and then escaped. A few days later, a large fraction of the revolutionary group was cornered in the nearby Jalalabad Hills by the British troops. In the ensuing fight, twelve Revolutionaries died, many were arrested, while some managed to flee, including Sen.

Surya Sen Arrest and death

Sen stayed in hiding, and kept moving from one place to another. Sometimes he took up a job as a workman, a farmer, a priest, a house worker or even hid as a pious Muslim. This is how he avoided being captured by the British.

He hid in the house of a man called Netra Sen. But Netra Sen informed the British of his hiding place, and the police came and captured him in February 1933. Before Netra Sen could be rewarded by the British, a revolutionary came into his house and beheaded him with da (a long knife). As Netra Sen’s wife was a big supporter of Surya Sen, she never disclosed the name of the revolutionary who killed Netra Sen. Another revolutionary named Tarakeswar Dastidar was also hanged together with Sen, after being brutally tortured by the British.

His last letter was written to his friends and said: “Death is knocking at my door. My mind is flying away towards eternity. At such a pleasant, at such a grave, at such a solemn moment, what shall I leave behind you? Only one thing, that is my dream, a golden dream – the dream of free India. Never forget the date, 18th of April, 1930, the day of the eastern Rebellion in Chittagong. Write in red letters in the core of your hearts the names of the patriots who have sacrificed their lives at the altar of India’s freedom.”

Surya Sen In popular media

Indian film director Ashutosh Gowariker directed the film Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey (2010) about Sen’s life. Actor Abhishek Bachchan played the role of Sen. Another film Chittagong (2012) directed by Bedabrata Pain was about Sen’s armoury raid. Manoj Bajpayee played the leading role.

  • Pritilata Waddedar, Bengali revolutionary nationalist
  • Masterda Surya Sen metro station, metro railway station in Kolkata, India

Surya Sen biography Net worth, Details Reference

  • Chittagong’s Greatest Revolutionary Hero: Surjya Sen




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